Chronic sinusitis or sinus infection is a condition characterized by prolonged (could last at least 12 weeks) inflammation and swelling of the cavities of the nasal passages despite medical intervention. Sinus infection interrupts drainage, leading to mucus buildup, and it causes difficulties breathing through the nose. Facial pain and tenderness are also likely experiences.
The infection usually affects young and middle-aged persons, though children may be affected too. Its causes may include bacterial infection, nasal polyps, and deviated nasal septum.
Treatment of Chronic Sinus Infection
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The goal of treating chronic sinus infection is to minimize sinus inflammation, preserve nasal passages drainage, fix the underlying cause, and minimize the occurrence of sinusitis flare-ups.
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This condition can be treated using saline nasal irrigation. This is administered as nasal sprays or solutions to minimize draining as well as remove irritants and allergies. Nasal corticosteroids, which are also nasal sprays, may be used to prevent and treat inflammation. If sprays are unable to work well, your doctor may prescribe rinsing using a solution containing saline and drops of budesonide.
Corticosteroids (Oral or Injected)
These remedies are for reversing inflammation following serious sinus infection, and more so if the victim also suffers nasal polyps. But oral corticosteroids are associated with severe side effects, so they should be used to treat only serious symptoms.
Desensitization of Aspirin
When aspirin intolerance is the reason for your sinus infection, desensitization may be the right treatment. This will entail you using large doses of aspirin while being supervised by a medic until your tolerance levels increase.
If you’re suffering from sinusitis alongside a bacterial infection, it may be necessary that you take an antibiotic. Usually, a doctor recommends an antibiotic alongside other medications to treat sinusitis if they’re unable to rule out an underlying bacterial infection.
Immune Response Treatment
If your sinus infection has something to do with allergies, immunotherapy may work. As such, you’ll be offered allergy shots with the aim of controlling your system’s reaction to particular allergens that are capable of improving your situation.
Endoscopic sinus surgery is considered in cases of resistance to medication as well other therapies. This intervention involves your physician looking into your sinus passages aided by a special tool.
Based on what’s causing obstruction, the physician may employ various tools to get rid of tissue or shave away a polyp linked to your nasal blockage. When the sinus opening is slender, expanding it to improve nasal drainage may be considered.
Chronic sinus infection is a condition that can cause serious prolonged discomforts and difficulties when breathing through the nose. Fortunately, it can be treated using nasal/oral corticosteroids, antibiotics, surgery, and immunotherapy.